White Brick School Finniwig Studios KebIrish Gazette Ariadne Threads Guild

Volume 2, Issue 3

July 1, 1999


Click on title

or scroll down

for articles

South Bend in the 1800s

Andrew Keb 1868-1917

Computer Crash


Summertime Heat

Family Favorites - Broccoli Salad

Photo Questions

Andrew Keb


Andrew Keb was born to Michael and Maria Keb on November 3, 1868 in Allerhausen, Bavaria, Germany. On June 2, 1889 in Germany, Andrew married Eva Barbara Goldstein (born September 17, 1867 in Allerhausen, Bavaria, Germany) the daughter of Zahris and Margreate Goldstein.

On July 1, 1889 in Germany their first child was born, Anna Margarete. Their second child, Herman Nickolas, was born on October 19, 1890 in Germany.

They decided to immigrate to the United States in 1892, and moved to South Bend, Indiana. Their third child, Frederick, was born August 25, 1893 and Walter Andrew on February 18, 1895. On October 10, 1896 Walter died after a three day illness of the croup and was buried in the City Cemetery.

In 1896 Andrew and Eva lived at 1305 East Sorin in South Bend. Their fifth child Peter Martin Andrew was born January 24, 1897. Adolph Henry was born on January 23, 1899 and Albert Theodore Richard on October 8, 1900.

Andrew and Eva bought Lot 67 of Park Place (or Coquillards’ and Rush’s first addition to the City of South Bend) for $700 on September 9, 1901. In 1902, Andrew worked for the Singer Company, and their eighth child, Henry Waldemar was born on August 18, 1902.

Hildegard Alvina Elsa was born September 25, 1905 and Erwin Oswald on March 20, 1907. To complete the family, Renata Elleanora was born on April 20, 1910. Andrew and Eva could not agree on her name, so they put Thekla on her birth certificate but Renata on the Christening records.

Andrew changed his occupation from the Singer Company to South Bend Toy in 1912. About this same time the they had a family portrait taken. With seven boys in the house, their bedroom was like a dormitory. The family sat on long benches it the kitchen table for dinner.

In 1917, Andrew contracted typhoid fever and died on October 24, 1917. He was buried in the City Cemetery. On October 19, 1929, Eva died and was buried alongside her husband.

(Return to page top)

South Bend in the 1800s

In 1864, Governor Morton tried to promote immigration to Indiana. His efforts failed, however they were supplemented informally by the present immigrants. The initial settlement of German farmers in Marshall and St. Joseph counties in the early 1840’s attracted relatives and friends still in Europe.

More deliberate and systematic recruiting campaigns were carried out by some manufacturers to alleviate the labor shortages of the early 1870’s. James Oliver, a principal employer of foreign workers, and the Studebaker brothers brought immigrants to South Bend and housed them.

As economic opportunities increased and the social structure of South Bend took shape the proportion of immigrant families grew to 47%. The largest group of immigrants were from Germany. Mostly from Bavaria they were driven from their farms by crop failures and attracted to South Bend by the reports from fellow countrymen.

The area west of the river on the north edge of the city was Goose Pasture. Named after the flocks of geese owned by the early Germans, who moved there in the 1840’s, this section of the First Ward above Water Street retained the reputation and something of the flavor given to it by its first residents.

Before the number of South Bend’s factories multiplied, the unskilled immigrant worked as common

laborer, perhaps assisting a carpenter or brickmason, more often as a seasonal hand on the surrounding farms. For such hard physical labor he would have received a daily wage of between $.61 and $.91. For work as a semiskilled employee in one of the factories, however, he could earn $1.25 or more a day.

The Germans were represented in all types of work even though the majority in any decade held manual positions. In 1870, when the influence of significant industrial growth was becoming noticeable, 39% of the Germans were skilled craftsmen. They were carpenters, brickmasons, cabinetmakers, and blacksmiths, as well as in semiskilled positions as butchers or sawyers and later as factory operatives.

The German immigrants were also successful in entering middle-class occupations, more so than any other ethnic group except the English. In 1850 one in four held non-manual jobs, usually as small businessmen, and a few were lawyers and physicians.

Since the Germans were one of the most upwardly mobile groups in regard to occupation, it is hardly surprising that they were among the largest property holders. They invested in real estate as both home owners and speculators. Of the male wage earners, 46% owned real estate with the median value at $2,213.

The ethnic group that contributed the most to the social activities of

the community was the Germans. There were lectures, concerts, plays, and holiday celebrations in which the whole community, including the foreign-born, participated. But there were also a number of social entertainments in which the Germans took the initiative. Masquerade balls and dances were always popular. The most popular was the theater. The German Dramatic Society and A.O. Miller’s theatrical group could usually pack the Odd Fellows lodge at twenty cents a ticket. At the garden of the Turnverein, where Michigan Street met Marion Street, the Germans gathered for an afternoon of sports to celebrate the Fourth of July.

The Germans persuaded the city to buy German language books for the library, and they opened a “German Select School” in 1876.

In 1892, South Bend has it’s worst winter and with it came floods in the spring. The river rose 14’ and 75 loads of stone had to be put on the Mishawaka dam to strengthen it. Houses cost $2000 and taxes were about $2.00. South Bend and Goshen were competing for the Indiana, Illinois, Iowa railroad to increase shipping facilities for all manufacturers. A new invention called the phonograph was at Snyder & Buzbys drug store for people to hear and see.

Joining their German countrymen were the Scope family, in 1879, the Wiegand family, in 1880, and the Keb family, in 1892.

(Top of article)

(Return to page top)

Computer Crash

Are you prepared for a computer crash? They come unexpectedly and without warning. They can be devastating if you are not prepared. Are you slacking on your backups? We were on some things, but luckily not on the important things.

Our computer crashed this month. One second we were looking at a file, the next second we had a blank screen. The computer had crashed. We lost everything on the hard drive. After a week of phone calls and not being able to figure out what caused the crash, it was decided we had to start from scratch.

We had to delete all the boot records and hard drive partitions and repartition the hard drive. After three hours on the phone doing this, then started the work, putting all of our programs back on the computer. We had to start by putting windows back on, then reinstalling our most important programs. Many programs that we do not use all the time still have not been reinstalled.

Luckily, I backup my family tree every day,

and my accounting file every time I change it. A lot of files, like addresses, the newsletters, and family photos are used from a disk anyway so they were not on the hard drive.

Some things were lost, such as all of our e-mail addresses and favorite places on the internet (next time they will be written in a phone book). I also lost my file of sewing patterns. It was not important, because they were already printed and made into a book, but it was very time consuming to scan over 400 patterns. Someday, when I rescan them, this file will also be kept on disk.

Don’t let this happen to you. Back up your files to disks periodically. If they are very important or very time consuming – back them up every time you make a change. Programs can be reinstalled, but if you don’t backup files, they are lost forever.

Write down your e-mail addresses and favorite places on the internet in a book so you always have them.

Another important item

is your program disks. Keep them organized. We used to, but have been slack the last few years. You will spend hours trying to find the most current programs you had on your computer. It is also a good idea to keep them in an order like you would put them on the computer. Keep your dos or windows on top with printer drivers next. Important programs that you use all the time, such as word processors, publishers, accounting programs, and of course internet programs, should be next. Programs that are just for fun but not important, such as games can be filed on the bottom. When you buy a newer version of a program, remove the older version from the group. Our older versions are in a box in the closet, so they don’t get put back on the computer by accident.

If you download programs from the internet, keep the original file you download on a disk. You may not be able to download the same program in the future.

(Top of article)

(Return to page top)

Ricky Keb took fourth place in the Peterbilt Golf Tournament and also received an award for the longest put at the tournament. He received a gold plated putter which now has it’s place of honor on the office wall at work. Congratulations Ricky.


Ricky’s daughter, Tiffany Keb, has left for an educational tour

of Europe. She will be traveling to Paris, England, and Italy. Congratulations and what a great experience.


William Warren received an Honor Roll award from the Brandywine Junior/Senior High School. He also was one of four students to receive a plaque for

four students to receive a plaque for Outstanding Seventh Grade Student. The teachers get together and discuss the students based on things like attitude and willingness to help others. They then vote on which students deserve the award. Congratulations William


(Return to page top)

Summertime Heat

Its hot outside and you have been sweating profusely. You start to get a headache and feel weak and think you should rest. Then you think you are fine because you have started to cool off or start getting the chills, so you stay outside.

Watch out! These may be symptoms of heat exhaustion and can be serious. Other symptoms may include skin cool & clammy to the touch and intense thirst. Go to a cool area, lay down and drink some water or juice until your body returns to normal. If

symptoms are severe such as vomiting, rapid but weak pulse, fast shallow breathing, and disorientation, you may require medical attention. People with other medical conditions should seek medical attention. Treatment is necessary as it can lead to heat stroke.


Symptoms of heat stroke are preceded by headache, vertigo, and fatigue. The skin will become hot, dry and flushed with decreased sweating, and rapid heartbeat and respiration.

Disorientation may briefly precede unconsciousness or convulsions. You may start to feel as if you are burning up. Circulatory collapse may precede death and survivors may have permanent brain damage.

For treatment, put the person in a cool water bath, or lake. Then call 911..

Caution! You may have some, but not all of the symptoms. Listen to your body.

(Top of article)

(Return to page top)

Family Favorites

Broccoli Salad

1 large bunch broccoli, cut up

1 large bunch cauliflower, cut up

1 cup raisins

1/2 pound bacon, fried and crumbled

1/2 cup red onion, sliced thin

2 cups red grapes



1 cup diced celery

1 can water chestnuts



1 cup Real Mayonnaise

1/2 cup sugar

2 T. vinegar

Mix dressing and refrigerate overnight. Mix with prepared vegetables and serve.

This salad is great for summertime. Experiment with variations of ingredients to get the taste just right for you.

(Return to page top)

Photo Questions

Photo of the Past


Everett Walfred Nelson on his fourth birthday, May 14, 1898. Was the tricycle his birthday present?


(Return to page top)

Keb/Irish Gazette
 Nancy (Keb) Tubbs
19500 Co Rd 14
Bristol, IN 46507-9405

Send mail to chucktubbs@prodigy.net with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright © 2003 Finniwig Studios
Last modified: 10/12/09