White Brick School Finniwig Studios KebIrish Gazette Ariadne Threads Guild

Volume 4, Issue 1

February 1, 2001


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1887 Nursing

Amos Irish 1757-1832

Identifying Old Photos

Family Favorites - Barbeque ChickenWings

Photo Questions

Amos Irish


Amos Irish was born May 20, 1757 in South Kingston, Rhode Island. He was the third child of six born to Joseph Irish and his second wife Sarah Anthony.

Amos was a Quaker and on June 16, 1779 Amos married out of meeting to Esther Irish. Esther was born May 2, 1757 (probably in Providence, Rhode Island). She was the second of ten children born to Jedediah Irish and Susannah West.

They had ten children born in Pawling, New York. Jedediah was born August 31, 1780 and remained in Pawling until his death in September 1818. Ruth was born July 4, 1782. She remained a Quaker and married Abraham Wing. She had five children and lived to the age of 88.

Rachel was born May 27, 1784 and later married Warren Giles. She had four children and died at the age of 71.

Joseph Irish was born March 22, 1786. He married Phoebe Dorland in Beekman, New York and had five children. Then he married Jane Stephenson in New York City and had three more children. Joseph died July 16, 1871 in Quaker Hill, New York.

Charles Irish was born April 14, 1788. In September 1819 he married Rhoda Ketcham. They had four children. Charles died in 1838.

Cynthia Irish was born May 20, 1790. She died at the age of 10 on June 1800.

David Irish was born June 20, 1792. He married Martha Titus in 1816. They had three children. In 1884 David died at the age of 92.

Jonathan Irish was born August 23, 1794. His first wife in 1819 was Ruth Wood. In 1822 he married Hannah Tallman and had two children and in 1862 he married Melissa Cook and had two more children. Jonathan died in June 1876.

Esther Irish was born February 22, 1797 and became the second wife of Ebenezer Wanzer (her sister Sarahís husband) in June 1825. They had 7 children. She died in October 1838.

Sarah Irish was born September 13, 1799 and became the first wife of Ebenzer Wanzer in 1820. They had two children. Sarah died in December 1823.

During the revolution, Amos was a farmer, a Quaker and a Loyalist, and he suffered severely. Both Amos and his wife Esther live a long life.

Amos died at the age of 75, on April 26, 1832. Esther died at the age of 87, on May 8, 1844. They are both buried Quaker Hill, New York.

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1887 Nursing

The following job description was given to floor nurses by a hospital in 1887:

1. Daily sweep and mop the floors of your ward, dust the patientís furniture and window sills.

2. Maintain an even temperature in your ward by bringing in a scuttle of coal for the dayís business.

3. Light is important to observe the patientís condition. Therefore, each day fill kerosene lamps, clean chimneys, and trim wicks. Wash the windows once a week.

4. The nurseís notes are important in aiding the physicianís work.

Make your pens carefully; you may whittle nibs to your individual taste.

5. Each nurse on day duty will report every day at 7 a.m. and leave at 8 p.m., except on the Sabbath, on which day you will be off from 12 noon to 2 p.m.

6. Graduate nurses in good standing with the director of nurses will be given an evening off each week for courting purposes, or two evenings a week if you go regularly to church.

7. Each nurse should lay aside from each pay day a goodly sum of her earnings for her benefits during her declining years so that she will not become a

burden. For example, if you earn $30 a month you should set aside $15.

8. Any nurse who smokes, uses liquor in any form, gets her hair done at a beauty shop, or frequents dance halls will give the director of nurses good reason to suspect her worth, intentions, and integrity.

9. The nurse who performs her labors and serves her patients and doctors without fault for five years will be given an increase of five cents a day, providing there are no hospital debts outstanding.


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Identifying Old Photos

Have you inherited old pictures, but canís seem to be able to identify most, if not all, of the people pictured? Is it Uncle Henry or Uncle George?

Identifying people in pictures 100 years old or more can be quite a challenge. Bring them out at family gatherings, and see if the older members know who the people are.

No one knows? Does the picture have a photo-graphy studio listed? See if it still exists, and if they kept records. Many did keep records and still have the negatives. If the picture

is in poor condition, you may be able to get a new print made off the old negative.

If the studio no longer exists, your good old public library might have city directories, and you can search them to determine when the studio was in business. This will at least give you the era of the photograph. Then you can at least narrow down who it might be, i.e. if itís 1880s it canít be your grandma but maybe itís your great-grandma.

Look at the peopleís style of dress, hair and mode of transportation. Womenís fashions so frequently change, they are also a way of determining when it was taken. Whatís that hanging on the wall? Get out a magnifying glass. It might be a calendar. And what about the furniture.

This can be important in a studio picture. They usually are up to date in backgrounds and items (like chairs) they use in photos. You might still be using grandmas furniture, but the studio probably isnít.

Family Chronicles has a publication out called ďDating Old Photo-graphs 1840-1929.Ē This book gives helpful information of dating pictures with more than 1,000 examples and defines photograph types like tintypes and daguerreotypes. It also gives additional clues to look for, such as little boys and girls wearing dresses in the 1800s.

That will allow you to identify a child as a boy if the hair is parted on the side. Until the 1870s, women only parted their hair in the middle.

Want to send copies of your photos to someone out of the area for help in identifying them? Scanning and publishing the pictures on a genealogy Web site such as www.USGenWeb.com puts them in their hands.

Digital cameras can make good copies of pictures without exposing them to the scannerís light. A digital camera also is easily taken to peopleís homes, so you can take a photograph of a picture hanging on a wall without moving it, or feeling you have to beg or be obligated for life in order to take it for a copy. These cameras allow you to

send pictures electron-ically to others, and you can down load them to your printer. You also can check your pictures right after taking it so if it isnít a good copy, you can retake it on a different setting.

Want to put those pictures on the wall to enjoy? Light degrades pictures so donít display the original, display a copy. An office supply store usually has photo-quality paper you can use for prints. Try different brands of paper to see which brand works best with your printer.

When displaying the pictures, try grouping them to tell a story. We have an old wall phone in the original condition that still works (and is our main phone). To decorate the wall around the phone, we have been putting up copies of direct ancestors. Grand-parents, great-grand-parents, and great-great-grand-parents. The oldest picture is of my husbandís great-great-grandmother born in 1828.

In our den where we do most of our family tree projects we plan to use one wall for pictures of relatives as well as picture of where they lived and what they did.

Remember to label your photographs, old and new. When your descendents, fifty or one hundred years from now see them, they may want to know who that is in your picture.

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Family Favorites

Barbeque Chicken Wings


2 pkg. or approx. 20 chicken wings

1/2 C lemon juice

2 lg. onions

1 C tomato catsup

1/2 C water

1/4 C vinegar

1/4 C green pepper

1/2 C chili sauce

1 bay leaf


1/4 C celery

1/4 C onion

1-1/2 T Worcestershire sauce

1 T mustard

2 T brown sugar

1/2 tsp. Salt

1/8 tsp. Pepper

1/2 C cooking sherry


Brown chicken wings with lemon juice and onion ringlets for 20 minutes. Mix next 14 ingredients together in a heavy saucepan and bring to a boil. Then simmer gently for 5 minutes over low heat. Remove bay leaf and keep sauce hot. Add cooking sherry, pour over chicken wings and cover with foil. Bake 325 degrees 30 to 45 minutes. Remove foil. Baste and turn wings to keep from drying out. Return to the oven 15 to 30 minutes longer. When done, chicken should be a deep brown on all sides. Keep warm in oven until ready to serve. Serves 6 to 8.

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Photo Questions

Laura Emelia Johnson on left and Selma Cecelia Johnson on right. Twin daughters of Lorentz Jonsson and Selma Olivia Nelson. They were born January 29, 1883 in Chicago, Illinois.

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Keb/Irish Gazette
 Nancy (Keb) Tubbs
19500 Co Rd 14
Bristol, IN 46507-9405

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